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Osteoarthritis (OA): The Big Picture

 

  • OA causes pain and disability.
  • OA affects all components of the synovial joint.
  • There is no cure for OA.
  • There are treatment options for OA.
      • Non-surgical treatments include use of NSAIDS and nutraceuticals, the modification of nutrition, increase exercise, and physical therapy.
      • Surgery is also an option for end stage disease (ex., FHO, THR).
  • Prevention is key in the fight against canine hip dysplasia (CHD) and OA:
      • Accurate prediction of OA requires a reliable screening method implemented early in life.
      • Genetic control and selective breeding are substantiated effective means of reducing the severity of CHD and the development of OA in subsequent generations of animals.
  • Environmental factors such as diet, activity level, and pharmaceuticals can influence the onset of OA.
  • Surgery is also an option (ex., TPO, JPS). However, the safety and efficacy of preventative surgical procedures have not yet been studied adequately.